Photo Tip #2: Controlling and understanding depth of field and the speed of your photos.
Aperture: “Aperture is the unit of measurement that defines the size of the opening in the lens that can be adjusted to control the amount of light reaching the film or digital sensor. The size of the aperture is measured in F-stop.”
The photo below of Will was shot at an aperture of f2.5. Everything but what Will is hovering over is out of focused/blurred.
The photo below of Ian was shot at an aperture of f11. Realize how most of the photo in either in focus or can be visible.
Shutter Speed: “The time for which a shutter is open at a given setting…..Shutter speeds are typically measured in fractions of a second, when they are under a second. For example 1/4 means a quarter of a second, while 1/250 means one two-hundred-and-fiftieth of a second or four milliseconds.”
The photo of Max B below was shot at a shutter speed of 1/800.
While the photo below taken by Matt K of Will going fast in a garage was taken at 1/80